(Caricatures of Biden and Trump by DonkeyHotey on Flickr - https://www.flickr.com/photos/donkeyhotey/ - CC BY-SA 2.0)
Editor’s note: The following letter was drafted by Free Press, signed by more than 50 media organizations — both local and national — and delivered to the executive editor of the Associated Press and the presidents of the news divisions at ABC, CBS, CNN, Fox, MSNBC and NBC on Tuesday. Generocity and sister site Technical.ly both signed it. It is reprinted here with permission.
With only weeks to go before one of the most important elections of our lifetime, how the media cover the campaigns, the voting process and the results is critical.
Election season coverage, especially on Election Day, is one of the most essential duties that the media perform in a democracy. And by all measures, this election is unlike any other we have experienced. We are living through a global pandemic, racial justice uprisings are taking place around the country, misinformation and disinformation abound on social media, and the president has deliberately sought to undermine trust in the media and the election process — even refusing to commit to a peaceful transfer of power and calling for his supporters to take up arms should he be voted out of office.
As Washington Post media columnist Margaret Sullivan wrote recently: “With the stakes of the election so high, news organizations need to get it right.”
We, the undersigned collection of media organizations, press freedom groups and leaders in the journalism space, are writing to urge you to rise to this moment by prioritizing coverage that condemns hate and gets it right — not just first.
As you consider and set policies to shape your election coverage, we believe the following guidelines are baseline steps your newsroom should immediately take:
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1. Do not repeat baseless claims of voter fraud.
President Trump and his administration have been spreading disinformation about so-called “voter fraud” to try to delegitimize the election results. Do not repeat these claims — or give airtime to political or pundit statements that do so — without independently verifying their accuracy and labeling them as false information if that’s the case. Instances of voter fraud are extremely rare, and reporting on baseless claims without fact checking them first only adds to the false narrative that voter fraud poses a significant threat to the election’s integrity. Giving these unverified and dangerous statements oxygen only undermines the election process. It endangers voters, especially in communities of color, and can lead to widespread suppression efforts and intimidation — and give local officials license to implement draconian policies that disenfranchise voters.
2. Reject coverage that fuels partisanship, hate and violence.
Police are murdering Black people with impunity and white vigilante groups are targeting those who peacefully protest against racial injustice. President Trump is calling on white supremacist groups like the Proud Boys to “stand by,” making racist statements and encouraging hate groups to join an “Army for Trump” to monitor polling sites and potentially turn out in the streets should he be voted out of office. Public officials who engage in racist attacks and incite violence must be challenged, and should be held accountable without giving oxygen to white supremacists. Do not interview or directly give airtime to groups like the Proud Boys, refuse to publish any manifestos or calls for violence, and center the lives and perspectives of people who are impacted by hate and violence.
3. Cover and confront Trump’s attempts to derail the election directly. Don’t default to “both sides” framing.
President Trump is the main culprit for spreading lies about the integrity of the upcoming election, and his actions at the first presidential debate show that he is trying to undermine the entire electoral process. Despite his blatant attempts to derail the debate, many outlets claimed that both he and Vice President Biden traded insults and barbs. This false equivalency is extremely dangerous — and it gives the public a distorted impression of what actually transpired. When it is clear that Trump alone is subverting the democratic process, call it what it is, challenge partisan claims that the president is simply hot-tempered and reject attempts to equate his actions with those who challenge his lies.
4. Support and amplify local news reporting on voter suppression tactics.
Local journalists are on the ground during election season, talking with voters, poll workers and officials. These journalists are often the first ones to report on state and local voter-suppression policies and intimidation tactics, including disruption at polling sites. President Trump has urged his so-called “Army” to go to polling locations and watch people — a direct call for his supporters to intimidate voters and possibly cause violence. The integrity of elections depends on votes being counted and on voters being able to cast their ballots without interference. This is especially important this election season given how different the voting process will be in many locations. As national outlets, it is critical that you support local-news coverage of what’s happening on the ground, and lift up any attempts to disenfranchise voters. Beyond amplifying voter suppression tactics, you can hold officials to account, provide resources to local reporters to investigate these claims, and give a spotlight to local attempts to deny voters their fundamental rights.
5. Prepare your audience now for an election that will likely not be decided on election night.
Right now, news outlets know that it’s likely that the vote count for this election will extend well beyond election night. While political observers, members of the media and highly engaged voters may also be aware of this, this isn’t necessarily common knowledge. In your pre-Election Day coverage, promotions, voting guides and more, prepare your audience for a process that might take more time to resolve than during previous elections. Doing so informs voters, builds trust with the public and can avoid uncertainties or impatience on election night.
6. Protect the integrity of the election by demonstrating restraint before declaring “winners.” Challenge any attempt to halt vote tallying.
In a high-stakes election, there may be pressure on outlets to “call” races early. Resist this urge. Experts agree that it’s likely that candidates with leads on election night might see those disappear as mail-in ballots are tallied. As we have learned during previous elections, the rush to declare winners adds to public confusion. It is always better to get the results right rather than focus on being first. Getting results wrong will lead to distrust in media coverage — and could lead to public officials discrediting the legitimacy of your reporting, or worse, challenging the election’s validity.
In addition, those in power at the local, state and federal level have tools at their disposal to delegitimize and interfere with election outcomes. Political manipulation that seeks to produce outcomes through any method other than counting all votes must be challenged with vigor. Hold officials accountable for counting all votes through robust reporting and by refusing to call races until all votes are tallied.
Reporting should seek to build trust between reporters and the public, backed by verified facts and context, and with an understanding that many people fear for their health, safety and future. While sensationalism and hyperbole may be good for ratings, it will only add more tinder to the fire. What we need now from the media is authoritative reporting that informs and unifies our country, challenges racist narratives and lives up to our democratic ideals.
We offer these guidelines in support of the media’s mission to inform the public, and recognize the many challenges journalism is facing right now. Your outlet may be considering some of these guidelines, or others not listed. We applaud the difficult yet necessary work of journalists, and we stand ready to assist and support your outlet as you enter into a pivotal moment in our country.
- Free Press Action
- Advance Native Political Leadership
- Baltimore Quaker Nonviolence Action Project
- Boston Institute for Nonprofit Journalism
- Brave New Films
- City Bureau
- Color Of Change
- Common Cause
- Count Every Vote! Maryland
- Defend Democracy
- Democracy Initiative
- The Devil Strip
- Election Protection Arizona
- Estlow International Center for Journalism and New Media, University of Denver
- Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting
- Faithful America
- Fight for the Future
- Fix Democracy First
- Georgia Coalition for the People’s Agenda
- Greenpeace US
- Hearken / Election SOS
- Indivisible Outer Cape
- Kairos Action
- Liberty Tree Foundation
- Mainers for Accountable Leadership
- Maryland Peace Action
- Maynard Institute Media Alliance
- Media, Inequality, and Change Center
- Media Innovation Collaboratory
- Move to Remove
- Movement Alliance Project
- National Hispanic Media Coalition
- Native Public Media
- News Co/Lab, Arizona State University
- Open Circle Company
- Open Media Foundation
- Outlier Media
- Peoria People’s Project
- The Philadelphia Association of Black Journalists
- Progress Arizona
- Public Citizen
- Southern California Public Radio
- Tully Center for Free Speech, Syracuse University
- Voting Rights Lab
- WAVE (Women for American Values and Ethics)
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